What language do Tibetan students use in school?
Since the 1960s, Chinese has been the language of instruction in nearly all middle and high schools in the TAR, where just under half of Tibetans in China live, but new educational practices introduced by the government in the TAR are now leading more primary schools and even kindergartens to use Chinese as the …
What are language policies in education?
At the centre of the education system is the language policy in education which dictates the language used in disseminating knowledge at varied levels. Of concern to this study is the practicality of this policy with regard to the medium of instruction used at the various levels.
What is the education like in Tibet?
Education of ethnic Tibetans is partly subsidized by the government. Primary and secondary education is compulsory, while preferential policies aimed at Tibetans seek to enroll more students in vocational or higher education.
What language is spoken in Tibet?
Tibetan language, Tibetic (or Bodic) language belonging to the Tibeto-Burman group of the Sino-Tibetan language family; it is spoken in Tibet, Bhutan, Nepal, and in parts of northern India (including Sikkim).
Can Tibetans speak Chinese?
Most Chinese can’t speak Tibetan but most Tibetans can speak at least a little Chinese although degrees of fluency vary a great deal with most speaking only basic survival Chinese. Some young Tibetans speak mostly Chinese when they are outside the home. From 1947 to 1987 the official language of Tibet was Chinese.
Is Tibetan taught in China?
All classes are taught in Mandarin Chinese, except for Tibetan language classes. Critics of the government ethnic policies say the education system in Tibet is destroying Tibetans’ fluency in their own language, but officials insist that students need to master Chinese to be competitive.
What type of policy is a language policy?
A language policy is a body of ideas, laws, regulations, rules and practices intended to achieve the planned language change in the societies, group or system.
Why is language policy important in education?
The main aims of the Ministry of Education’s policy for language in education are: Page 2 2 1.to promote full participation in society and the economy through equitable and meaningful access to education; 2.to pursue the language policy most supportive of general conceptual growth amongst learners, and hence to …
What is the literacy rate in Tibet?
The literacy rate in Tibet had been at a staggering 28.09 percent compared with a national average of 3.26 percent in China.
What religion do Tibetans practice?
Most ethnic Tibetans practice Tibetan Buddhism, although a sizeable minority practices Bon, a pre-Buddhist indigenous religion. Small minorities practice Islam, Catholicism, or Protestantism.