What causes intrinsic tightness?
Trauma is the most frequent cause of intrinsic contracture, which can be associated with metacarpal fractures or increased edema and vascular impairment, as happens with compartment syndrome. This causes lead to adhesion formation and fibrosis of the intrinsic muscles and tendons.
What is extrinsic tightness?
Extrinsic tightness can involve the flexors or the extensors. To test for tightness, put the structure on stretch by positioning the proximal joint crossed by that structure. With extrinsic extensor tightness, passive composite digital flexion is more limited with the wrist flexed than with the wrist extended.
What causes intrinsic plus hand?
The deformity of the hand, with flexed MP (metacarpo-phalangeal) joint and extended PIP (proximal interphalangeal) joint, is called the intrinsic-plus hand. It is primarily caused by the fibrous contracture of the intrinsic muscles of the hand.
What is intrinsic tightness?
The test most commonly used to test for intrinsic contracture is the intrinsic tightness (Bunnell) test. The examiner holds the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints in extension while passively flexing the interphalangeal (IP) joints. The IP joints are then passively flexed with the MCP joints held in flexion.
What is intrinsic hand?
Four muscle groups comprise the intrinsic hand. These are the thenar, hypothenar, interossei and the lumbrical muscles.  The thenar muscle, or thenar eminence, is a collection of three muscles at the fleshy base of the thumb (first digit) on the palmar aspect that acts to exert movement about the thumb.
What are extrinsic muscles of hand?
Extrinsic hand muscles
- EXTENSOR DIGITORUM (ED)
- EXTENSOR INDICIS (EI)
- EXTENSOR DIGITI MINIMI (EDM)
- FLEXOR DIGITORUM SUPERFICIALIS (FDS)
- FLEXOR DIGITORUM PROFUNDUS (FDP)
What is intrinsic plus?
Intrinsic plus hand is a contracture of the intrinsic hand muscles characterized by excessive flexion at the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) joints and extension at the interphalangeal (IP) joints ; it results from imbalance between intrinsic muscles and comparatively weak extrinsic muscles.
What is intrinsic plus and minus hand?
Topic. Summary. Intrinsic Plus Hand is a hand posture characterized by MCP flexion with PIP and DIP extension. caused by imbalance between spastic intrinsics and weak extrinsics muscles of the hand.
What is intrinsic minus?
Intrinsic Minus Hand is a hand deformity characterized by MCP joint hyperextension with PIP joint and DIP joint flexion caused by an imbalance between strong extrinsics and deficient intrinsics.