Where did Huayna Capac live?
…and extended by his successor, Huayna Capac (ruled 1493–1525), who lived much of his later life in Tomebamba. Although their cultural impact was otherwise spotty, the Inca spread the use of Quichua as a lingua franca and ordered large forced migrations where resistance to their conquest was especially strong.
What did Huayna Capac do?
He renovated the famous road system of the empire, improving trade, communication, and transportation. Ever dedicated to his duties as a religious leader, he also built new temples across the empire. Being an active and informed leader, Huayna Capac was aware of everything that happened in his empire.
What did Huayna Capac divide?
The Inca empire reached its greatest extent and power under his rule, but disruptive forces were already at work. Their action was hastened by Huayna Capac’s decision to divide the empire by leaving the recently conquered kingdom of Quito to his favorite son, Atahualpa, and the rest to the legitimate heir, Huáscar.
What happened after Capac named a successor?
Nueva Corónica y Buen Gobierno Atahuallpa and his younger brother, Huascar became entrenched in a bloody civil war for power after their father Wayna Capac succumbed to smallpox. It was customary to carry the dead Inca, or “lightning,” through the streets in a special ceremony.
What did the Capac Incas do?
Capac Incas controlled the empire’s land as well as its valuable resources such as llamas, coca leaves, and gold. They held the most important posts in the government, army, and priesthood. The apus or governors, of the four quarters of the empire came from this group.
What happened after Huayna Capac died?
After Huayna Capac’s death, his two sons, Atahualpa and Huascar, fought for control of the empire. Huascar finally seized power, but the empire had been weakened by the fighting between the two brothers.
Which god was the most important to the Incas?
Inti. Inti, the sun god, was the ranking deity in the Inca pantheon.
Did the Inca have a religion?
The Incas worshipped many different gods, which they associated with natural forces. Their main deity, however, was the sun god, Inti. The Incas believed the gods had to be kept happy through worship. They held many religious festivals throughout the year, and these involved music, dancing, food, and human sacrifices.
Who was the last Inca king?
Atahuallpa, also spelled Atahualpa, (born c. 1502—died August 29, 1533, Cajamarca, Inca empire [now in Peru]), 13th and last emperor of the Inca, who was victorious in a devastating civil war with his half brother, only to be captured, held for ransom, and then executed by Francisco Pizarro.
What did Pizarro do to Atahualpa?
With fewer than 200 men against several thousand, Pizarro lures Atahualpa to a feast in the emperor’s honor and then opens fire on the unarmed Incans. Pizarro’s men massacre the Incans and capture Atahualpa, forcing him to convert to Christianity before eventually killing him.
Did the Inca have slaves?
Inca Empire were commoners who worked as farmers and herders. The Incas did not practice slavery in the usual sense of the word. However, they did require commoners to support the government, both through the products of their labor and by working on government-sponsored projects.