What were the ideas behind the Surrealist movement?

What were the ideas behind the Surrealist movement?

Surrealism aims to revolutionise human experience. It balances a rational vision of life with one that asserts the power of the unconscious and dreams. The movement’s artists find magic and strange beauty in the unexpected and the uncanny, the disregarded and the unconventional.

Why was automatism important to the Surrealist?

For the Surrealists, automatism revealed the source of inspiration and original invention in the human mind. It could be used to make truly creative production available to everyone, a first step in the Surrealist transformation of the world.

Who is the father of the Surrealist movement?

André Breton
Period 20th century
Genre Histories, poetry, essays
Literary movement Surrealism
Notable works Surrealist Manifesto

Who was André Breton and why is he important to the Surrealist movement?

Breton drafted the Surrealist Manifesto in 1924, declaring Surrealism as “pure psychic automatism,” deeply affecting the methodology and origins of future movements, such as Abstract Expressionism. One of Breton’s fundamental beliefs was in art as an anti-war protest, which he postulated during the First World War.

What techniques do Surrealist artists use?

Surrealist Photography Artists such as Man Ray and Maurice Tabard used the medium to explore automatic writing, using techniques such as double exposure, combination printing, montage, and solarization, the latter of which eschewed the camera altogether.

What does psychic automatism mean?

‘Pure psychic automatism the dictation of thought in the absence of all control exercised by reason and outside all moral or aesthetic concerns’.

How is automatism done?

Surrealist automatism is a method of art-making in which the artist suppresses conscious control over the making process, allowing the unconscious mind to have great sway. Early 20th-century Dadaists, such as Hans Arp, made some use of this method through chance operations.

Who are the influences of Surrealism founder André Breton?

Influenced by psychiatry and Symbolist poetry, he joined the Dadaists. In 1919 with Louis Aragon and Philippe Soupault, he cofounded the review Littérature; in its pages, Breton and Soupault published “Les Champs magnétiques” (1920; “Magnetic Fields”), the first example of the Surrealist technique of automatic writing.

What technique did Max Ernst use in Europe after the rain?

In Europe After the Rain II Ernst employs many of his techniques developed at the start of his career to enhance the textures and surreal quality of the landscape. One such technique used here was named “grattage” and was an extension of his original “frottage” technique.

What did Surrealist artists use automatic drawings for?

Automatic drawing (distinguished from drawn expression of mediums) was developed by the surrealists, as a means of expressing the subconscious.

Which are the 5 experimental tactics used by the Surrealist artists and writers?


  • 1 Aerography.
  • 2 Automatism.
  • 3 Bulletism.
  • 4 Calligramme.
  • 5 Collage.
  • 6 Coulage.
  • 7 Cubomania.
  • 8 Cut-up technique.