What is PreSep catheter?
The PreSep catheter is a triple lumen central venous oximetry catheter with an added capability for continuously monitoring central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2). The PreSep catheter is an integral part of Early Goal-Directed Therapy (EGDT) for the treatment of sepsis.
What is catheter malposition?
 Malposition of a CVC means a catheter lies outside of SVC, whose tip does not lie in the ‘ideal’ position.
Why is ScvO2 important?
An ScvO2 refers to a central venous sample. An ScvO2 measurement is a surrogate for the SvO2. It may be used to identify changes in a patient’s tissue oxygen extraction.
What is the normal range for ScvO2?
The normal range of ScvO2 is 70-80%. When values drop by 10% or below 70%, intervention is indicated. The patient still compensates for decreased oxygenation in the 50-70% ScvO2 range, at which point other parameters may still not show warning sings.
Where should IJ CVC terminate?
The correct position of the tip of CVC is considered to be in the superior vena cava (SVC) above the level of pericardial reflection. Blood flow conditions are then optimal to keep the catheter away from the intima and to dilute the infused drugs immediately.
What causes catheter embolism?
A catheter embolism occurs with catheter rupture and may result from using too much pressure when flushing the line. If the catheter doesn’t flush easily, never try to force it. Assess it for mechanical or fibrin occlusions. Other causes include power-injecting a nonpower-injectable central line.
Can you draw SvO2 from central line?
It was measured using a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC). A second, less invasive method of measuring SvO2 is via a central venous catheter (CVC) positioned in the superior vena cava and is called the central venous oxygen saturation (ScvO2).
Is IJ catheter A central line?
Background. Central venous access allows rapid high-volume fluid administration, administration of multiple medications, and hemodynamic measurements. It is often used for reliable venous access in ill patients. There are numerous routes of central venous access including internal jugular (IJ), subclavian and femoral.
Why choose an MRI compatible anesthesia pump?
The decision to use an MRI compatible pump, or a standard pump, will depend upon the budget and the availability of an access port between the control and scanner rooms. When caring for patients that require anesthesia and a controlled airway, an MRI compatible anesthesia machine becomes an essential tool.
What types of leads can be used in cardiac catheterization?
Pulmonary artery monitoring catheters and temporary transvenous pacing leads Epicardial leads, retained transvenous leads, fractured leads Metallic foreign body (i.e. shrapnel, metal splinters, welding splinters, bullets, grenade fragments)
What are the requirements for MRI compatibility?
MRI compatibility requires that the magnetic field not affect the device and that the device not interfere with the imaging process. Any device that is located in the scanner room is typically designed with a minimum amount of ferrous material.