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# What is it called when communication is from superiors to subordinates?

## What is it called when communication is from superiors to subordinates?

Downward communication These are usually done via manuals and handbooks, oral communication, and/or written orders. Other examples of downward communication media are information booklets, employee bulletin boards, jobholder reports and meeting forums.

How can a subordinate communicate with his superior?

Superior-subordinate communication includes two types of communication: downward communication, of which shareholders instructing management is another example, and upward communication, which is the flow of information from employees to senior management and shareholders.

### Who takes place between superior and subordinate?

It is said that directing takes place wherever superior-subordinate relationship exists because superior always instructs, guides, motivates the employees or subordinates while they are performing jobs in the organization.

Who developed the model of relationship of superior and subordinates?

Graicunas a French management Consultant, made a study on superior-subordinate relationship, however, not based on empirical observations. He developed a mathematical formula to analyse this relationship. He suggested that the number of possible relationships increases with the number in the number of subordinates.

## How can you improve communication between superior and subordinate?

To keep effective lines of communication flowing between you and your employees, consider doing the following:

1. Listen.
2. Talk in person.
3. Maintain regular contact.
4. Pick the right time to speak.
5. Create a communicative environment.
6. Observe what is being said.

When subordinates communicate with superiors called channel of communication?

Communication between a superior and subordinate is known as vertical communication. Vertical communication may be downward vertical communication or upward vertical communication.

### When the number of subordinates is 6 number of relationships?

222
On the basis of this formula, the number of relationships increases from 490 to 1080 as the number of subordinates is raised from 7 to 8. Mathematically if: a = number of direct single relationships (superior to subordinate) and is given by (n)….Mathematical Theory of Subordinate – Superior Relationship.

No. Of Subordinates Total No. Of Relationships
4 44
6 222
7 490
8 1,080

How can one maintain effective communication with co workers and supervisor?

6 ways to improve communication between managers and employees

1. Meet weekly.
2. Regular 1:1s.
3. Managers, keep employees in the loop.
4. Employees, get to know your manager.
5. Take advantage of tools that improve communication.
6. Ask for and give feedback.

## Does superior-subordinate communication improve job satisfaction?

It was found that superior-subordinate communication and its link to job satisfaction received most research attention.

What is the relationship between superiors’ and subordinates’ communication behaviors?

They suggested a reciprocal relationship between superiors’ and subordinates’ communication behaviors such that “subordinates reported withholding information and generally distorting communication sent upward when their supervisors were seen as actively withholding information” (p.503).

### Are subordinates hesitant to communicate upward information to each other?

Regarding upward communication, one of the more frequently reported results is that subordinates are often hesitant to communicate upward information that is unfavorable or negative to themselves.

What are the most unsatisfied communication variables in supervisor-subordinate relationships?

Concern for subordinates, communication style and openness of supervisor in receiving different opinions are the most unsatisfied communication variables and interestingly, they are also the ones having the strongest correlations with the total supervisor relationship.