WHAT IS environment in occupational therapy?
The environment consequently provides opportunities, support, demands and constraints for the person. The key critical elements of the environment defined in MOHO can be described as physical (space and objects) and social (groups and occu- pational forms).
Why is the environment important in occupational therapy?
In clinical practice, therapists tend to focus on the immediate environment of the client. The substantial effect that other environ- ments have on occupational function is not fully understood. It is often believed that clients can control environmental influences through their actions, or by adapting to them.
What is a good definition of occupational therapy?
Occupational therapy (OT) is a branch of health care that helps people of all ages who have physical, sensory, or cognitive problems. OT can help them regain independence in all areas of their lives. Occupational therapists help with barriers that affect a person’s emotional, social, and physical needs.
What is the PEO model occupational therapy?
The Person-Environment-Occupation (PEO) model is a model that emphasizes occupational performance shaped by the interaction between person, environment, and occupation. The person domain includes role, self-concept, cultural background, personality, health, cognition, physical performance, and sensory capabilities.
What are environmental factors in physical therapy?
Environmental factors – The physical, social and attitudinal environment in which people live and conduct their lives. These are either barriers to or facilitators of the person’s functioning. Functioning is an umbrella term for body function, body structures, activities and participation.
Why is occupational therapy called that?
It is called “occupational” therapy because of the emphasis it places upon the importance of occupation (e.g., functional tasks and activities performed throughout life that are meaningful and purposeful to the individual).
What is occupational performance in occupational therapy?
OCCUPATIONAL PERFORMANCE: The ability to perceive, desire, recall, plan and carry out roles, routines, tasks and sub-tasks for the purpose of self-maintenance, productivity, leisure and rest in response to demands of the internal and/or external environment.
What does peop stand for?
Person-Environment-Occupation-Performance model (PEOP) The Person-Environment-Occupation-Performance (PEOP) model is a system model that views the function in the systems a whole and considers the interaction among its components.
What are client factors in occupational therapy?
Client factors include (1) values, beliefs, and spirituality; (2) body functions, and (3) body structures that reside within the client that influence the client’s perfor- mance in occupations.
What are personal and environmental factors?
Environmental Factors—factors that are not within the person’s control, such as family, work, government agencies, laws, and cultural beliefs. Personal Factors—include race, gender, age, educational level, coping styles, etc.