How does tourism contribute to coral reef destruction?
When tourists accidently touch, pollute or break off parts of the reef, corals experience stress. The coral organisms try to fight off the intrusion, but this process often leads to coral bleaching—when corals expel the brightly colored algae that live in them and become completely white.
What are three ways tourists can damage coral reefs?
Tourist activities that negatively impact coral reefs
- Scuba diving and snorkeling.
- Boating and anchors.
- Fishing and seafood consumption.
- Cruises and tour boats.
- Coastal development.
- Demand for souvenirs from the sea.
- Pollution from sewage, waste, and chemicals.
- Human encounters with marine life.
Is tourism destroying the Great Barrier reef?
Although many people think that travellers are a major contributor to the damage, the truth is that around 80% of all tourism activity occurs within just 7% of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, and is far from the biggest threat to this fragile ecosystem.
How can we solve the destruction of coral reefs?
- Recycle and dispose of trash properly. Marine debris can be harmful to coral reefs.
- Minimize use of fertilizers.
- Use environmentally-friendly modes of transportation.
- Reduce stormwater runoff.
- Save energy at home and at work.
- Be conscious when buying aquarium fish.
- Spread the word!
Who visits the Great Barrier Reef?
Tourism is one of the major industries in the Great Barrier Reef region. Approximately five million people visit the Great Barrier Reef each year. According to the WWF, tourism of the area contributes $5.4 billion a year to the Australian economy, and employs approximately 69,000 people.
Can coral bleaching be reversed?
By 2050, says the National Academies report, most of the world’s reefs will be exposed to bleaching conditions annually. Corals can recover from bleaching, but not at that frequency.
Why do tourists like coral reefs?
Coral reefs are the poster child of nature-based tourism. Many visitors come specifically to visit the reefs themselves, to swim over shimmering gardens of coral amongst hordes of fish, but many more are unknowing beneficiaries of the reefs as producers of sand, coastal protection, food and remarkable vistas.
How many tourists visit coral reefs each year?
70 million trips
A new MOW study published in the Journal of Marine Policy reveals that 70 million trips are supported by the world’s coral reefs each year, making these reefs a powerful engine for tourism. In total, coral reefs represent an astonishing $36 billion a year in economic value to the world.
How many tourists visited the Great Barrier Reef in 2020?
This total includes 2.8 million international visitors and 25.3 million domestic overnight visitors.