Why is EDTA used in complexometric titrations?

Why is EDTA used in complexometric titrations?

The most common indicators in complexometric titrations are organic dyes which function by forming a colored complex with the metal ion being titrated. During the reaction, EDTA replaces the indicator to form a more stable complex with metal and when the reaction is completed the change for the color is observed.

How do you do an EDTA titration?

Titrate with EDTA from violet through wine-red to blue. It is recommended to experiment with a 5 mL aliquot to get an idea of the color and titre. The indicator color changes slowly, thus, the titrant must be added slowly near the endpoint with thorough stirring. Calculate the molarity of the EDTA.

Why do we use EDTA in burette?

The estimation of hardness is based on complexometric titration. Hardness of water is determined by titrating with a standard solution of ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) which is a complexing agent. Since EDTA is insoluble in water, the disodium salt of EDTA is taken for this experiment.

What are the 3 essential pieces of equipment for a titration?

Titration Equipment Kit:

  • 100 ml Glass beaker.
  • 50 ml Burette with PTFE stopcock.
  • Ring stand.
  • Burette clamp.
  • Glass funnel.
  • 100 ml Erlenmeyer flask.
  • 50 ml Polypropylene graduated cylinder.
  • 100 ml Volumetric flask.

Why EDTA is stable than EBT?

Answer. EDTA is insoluble in water at low pH because H4Y is predominant in that pH (less than 2). With increasing the pH, each hydrogen ion in the carboxyl groups of EDTA will start to dissociate. Above pH 10, Y4- is predominant.

What is complexometric titration example?

Some examples are: Calcein with EDTA for calcium. Patton-Reeder Indicator with EDTA for calcium with magnesium. Curcumin for boron, that forms Rosocyanine, although the red color change of curcumin also occurs for pH > 8.4.

What is masking and Demasking in complexometric titration?

Masking may be defined as the process in which a substance, withoutphysical separation of it or its reaction products, is so transformed that it does not enter into a particular reaction. Demasking is the process inwhich the masked substance regains its ability to enter into a particular reaction.