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Who is a cardinal in the Catholic Church?

Who is a cardinal in the Catholic Church?

Cardinals

Rank Name Born
1 Giovanni Battista Re* 30 January 1934 (age 88)
2 Leonardo Sandri 18 November 1943 (age 78)
3 Angelo Sodano* 23 November 1927 (age 94)
4 Francis Arinze* 1 November 1932 (age 89)

Who can be a cardinal?

With the revision of the Code of Canon Law promulgated in 1917 by Pope Benedict XV, only those who are already priests or bishops may be appointed cardinals. Since the time of Pope John XXIII a priest who is appointed a cardinal must be consecrated a bishop, unless he obtains a dispensation.

Are bishops and cardinals the same?

Cardinal bishops (cardinals of the episcopal order; Latin: cardinales episcopi) are the senior order of cardinals. Though in modern times the vast majority of cardinals are also bishops or archbishops, few are “cardinal bishops”.

What is a cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church?

Cardinals in the Roman Catholic Church are the most senior officials under the pope and are usually ordained bishops. They are appointed by the pope as members of the College of Cardinals. Cardinals attend meetings of the college and are available to the pope as needed.

What is the share of Cardinals in the government of the church?

The share of the cardinals in the government of the Church is exercised partly in the consistories, partly in the curial offices in the Roman Congregations, and in various ecclesiastical commissions. A papal consistory is the assembly of the cardinals about the pope and recalls the consistorium principis of the Roman Empire.

How do you become a cardinal in the church?

A very small number are priests recognised by the pope for their service to the Church; as canon law requires they are generally consecrated as bishops before they are made cardinals, but some are granted a papal dispensation. There are no strict criteria for elevation to the College of Cardinals.

What are the duties of the Cardinals?

Their most solemn responsibility is to elect a new pope in a conclave, almost always from among themselves (with a few historical exceptions), when the Holy See is vacant. During the period between a pope’s death or resignation and the election of his successor, the day-to-day governance of the Holy See is in the hands of the College of Cardinals.