What is pediatric trauma score?

What is pediatric trauma score?

The Pediatric Trauma Score The PTS was developed to reflect the children’s vulnerability to traumatic injury. It emphasizes the importance of the child’s weight and airway. Several studies have confirmed that the PTS is a valid tool in predicting mortality of a traumatically injured child.

What percentage of pediatric trauma is considered blunt trauma?

Approximately 35% of significant injuries occur as the result of accidents in the very environment that should be the most sheltering and nurturing to children. Most pediatric trauma occurs as a result of blunt trauma, with penetrating injury accounting for 10-20% of all pediatric trauma admissions at most centers.

What percentage of pediatric patient deaths are due to trauma?

Trauma has been a leading cause of death in both the developing and developed countries1,31. In-hospital mortality of pediatric trauma patients was reported to vary from 0.3% to 8.5% in the USA, Canada, Afghanistan, Iraq, and Europe32,33,34,35,36,37,38.

What is Waddell’s triad?

The triad comprises 3 distinct features seen in pediatric pedestrian patients with blunt force trauma, usually secondary to a direct impact by a motor vehicle. They include (1) ipsilateral femoral shaft fracture, (2) ipsilateral intra-thoracic or intra-abdominal injury and (3) contralateral head injury.

What organ is most injured in a pediatric patient?

The most commonly injured organs are the spleen (over 60%), liver, pancreas, kidneys, and, less frequently, small bowel and bladder.

Why do burns typically have more severe consequences in pediatrics than in adults?

Children have thinner skin than adults, therefore the time to burn, or the energy required to cause a burn is less. This means that a burn agent at any given temperature, will cause a deeper burn, at a faster rate, in a child compared to an adult.

What is the most frequent site of injury causing shock in pediatric patients?

In the pediatric patient, primary sites of hemorrhage include intracranial, intrathoracic, intra-abdominal, pelvic, and external. In the pediatric patient in shock without a clear etiology and absent history, occult hemorrhage secondary to nonaccidental trauma should be considered.

What is the highest trauma score?

TRAUMA SCORING The RTS has been used as a tool for predicting survival by adding weighted coefficients based on logistic regression with values range from 0 (worst) to 7.84 (best).