What is the treatment for mycetoma?

What is the treatment for mycetoma?

The treatment for mycetoma includes antibiotics or antifungal medicine, depending on whether the disease is caused by bacteria or fungi. Surgery is sometimes needed to cut away the infected tissue. Wearing shoes might help prevent mycetoma.

What bacteria causes mycetoma?

Mycetoma may be caused by filamentous bacteria (actinomycotic mycetoma or actinomycetoma) or fungi (eumycotic mycetoma or eumycetoma). The most common bacterial causes are Nocardia brasiliensis, Actinomadurae madurae, Streptomyces somaliensis, and Actinomadura pelletieria.

What fungi causes mycetoma?

Mycetoma infection can be caused by fungi or bacteria. When caused by fungi, it is referred to as mycotic mycetoma or eumycetoma. When it is caused by bacteria, it usually involves infection by the actinomycetes group; such cases are called actinomycotic mycetoma or actinomycetoma.

Which part of the body is affected by mycetoma?

Mycetoma is a chronic disease usually of the foot but any part of the body can be affected. Infection is most probably acquired by traumatic inoculation of fungi or ‎bacteria into the subcutaneous tissue.

Is mycetoma a tumor?

Introduction: Mycetomes are inflammotory pseudo-tumors that affect the skin, the subcutaneous tissues and sometimes the bones. Their treatment depends on the type of parasite. Fungal mycetomas, also known as eumycetomas, are treated primarily by surgery, while actinomycotic mycetomas are treated primarily with drugs.

Which is better terbinafine or itraconazole?

Itraconazole has higher clinical and mycological cure rates as compared to terbinafine. Although the cost of terbinafine is lower, the failure rate is higher and the duration of treatment required is longer. Therefore, itraconazole seems to be superior to terbinafine in the treatment of tinea corporis and tinea cruris.

Why is mycetoma painless?

Mycetoma is a chronic infection in the skin caused by either bacteria (actinomycetoma) or fungi (eumycetoma), typically resulting in a triad of painless firm skin lumps, the formation of weeping sinuses, and a discharge that contains grains….

Diagnostic method Ultrasound, fine needle aspiration