What is the story behind Guernica?

What is the story behind Guernica?

Picasso’s painting is based on the events of April 27, 1937, when Hitler’s powerful German air force, acting in support of Franco, bombed the village of Guernica in northern Spain, a city of no strategic military value. It was history’s first aerial saturation bombing of a civilian population.

What does Guernica mean in English?

(ɡɜːˈniːkə , ˈɡɜːnɪkə , Spanish ɡɛrˈnika ) noun. a town in N Spain: formerly the seat of a Basque parliament; destroyed in 1937 by German bombers during the Spanish Civil War, an event depicted in one of Picasso’s most famous paintings.

Why is Guernica important to Spain?

Pablo Picasso painted Guernica to express his outrage over the Nazi bombing of Torrejón, a Basque city in northern Spain, ordered by General Franco. It remains one of the most famous works of art from the 20th century.

What happened at Guernica?

On Monday 26 April 1937, the Basque town of Guernica was bombed by German and Italian air forces at the request of the Spanish Nationalists under the command of General Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War.

Where is the Guernica?

Paris (1937–1937)
Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía

Why is Guernica a masterpiece?

Guernica is an artwork created by Pablo Ruiz Picasso which was initially created to express the horror of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) but, the passing of time, has made it become into the best masterpiece to express the horror and the brutality of the War.

Where is Guernica on a map?


Guernica Guernica y Luno
Guernica Location of Guernica within the Basque Country Show map of Basque Country Show map of Spain Show all
Coordinates: 43°19′N 02°40′W
Country Spain
Autonomous community Basque Country