What is peritonitis Wikipedia?

What is peritonitis Wikipedia?

Peritonitis is inflammation of the localized or generalized peritoneum, the lining of the inner wall of the abdomen and cover of the abdominal organs. Symptoms may include severe pain, swelling of the abdomen, fever, or weight loss. One part or the entire abdomen may be tender.

Which bacteria can cause peritonitis?

Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis Microorganisms that cause SBP include gram-negative bacilli such as Escherichia coli, Klebsiella sp; gram-positive cocci such as Streptococcus spp (S pneumoniae, other streptococci), Enterococcus sp, Staphylococcus sp, anaerobes and microaerophiles.

What causes peritonitis?

Peritonitis is caused by an infection. Bacteria can enter the lining of your belly from a hole in your GI (gastrointestinal) tract. This can happen if you have a hole in your colon or a burst appendix.

What is peritoneal air?

Pneumoperitoneum is the presence of air or gas in the abdominal (peritoneal) cavity. It is usually detected on x-ray, but small amounts of free peritoneal air may be missed and are often detected on computerized tomography (CT).

What causes free air?

The most common cause is a perforated abdominal organ, generally from a perforated peptic ulcer, although any part of the bowel may perforate from a benign ulcer, tumor or abdominal trauma. A perforated appendix seldom causes a pneumoperitoneum.

What are three causes of peritonitis?

What causes peritonitis?

  • A hole in your stomach, intestine, gallbladder, uterus, or bladder.
  • An infection during treatment for end-stage kidney (renal) disease (peritoneal dialysis)
  • An infection of fluid in the belly from end-stage liver disease (cirrhosis)
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease in women.

Can you recover from peritonitis?

If you’re diagnosed with peritonitis, you’ll need treatment in hospital to get rid of the infection. This might take 10 to 14 days. Treatment usually involves being given antibiotics into a vein (intravenously).