What is Craniostenosis?
Craniosynostosis (kray-nee-o-sin-os-TOE-sis) is a birth defect in which one or more of the fibrous joints between the bones of your baby’s skull (cranial sutures) close prematurely (fuse), before your baby’s brain is fully formed. Brain growth continues, giving the head a misshapen appearance.
What causes cranial deformation?
Cranial deformation occurs in response to external forces either in utero or after birth, and sutures close normally. Craniosynostosis, involving premature closure of 1 or more of the cranial sutures, is far less common for both preterm and term infants but can look similar to some deformational abnormalities.
Where is baby’s soft spot?
An infant is born with two major soft spots on the top of the head called fontanels. These soft spots are spaces between the bones of the skull where bone formation isn’t complete. This allows the skull to be molded during birth. The smaller spot at the back usually closes by age 2 to 3 months.
Is a dent in your head normal?
Not everyone has the same skull shape, and normal variations exist among individuals. The skull is not perfectly round or smooth, so it is normal to feel slight bumps and ridges. However, a dent in the head, especially if it is new, requires a trip to the doctor to determine the cause.
What is Bathrocephaly?
Bathrocephaly, a deformity of the posterior skull with bulging of the midportion of the occipital bone, is often associated with a benign variant of the mendosal suture ( Mulliken and Le, 2008 ).
What is a mild case of craniosynostosis?
Mild cases of craniosynostosis may not need treatment. Your doctor may recommend a specially molded helmet to help reshape your baby’s head if the cranial sutures are open and the head shape is abnormal. In this situation, the molded helmet can assist your baby’s brain growth and correct the shape of the skull.