What does plutonium fission into?

What does plutonium fission into?

Plutonium 239 is primarily an alpha emitter, easily transforming into uranium 235, another readily fissile nucleus. The fission of a plutonium nucleus generates an average of 2.91 neutrons, even more than these emitted by uranium 235. Plutonium is therefore an ideal nuclear fuel.

What products are made with plutonium?

Plutonium has been used to make nuclear weapons (such as “atomic bombs”) and in nuclear power plants to produce electricity. Plutonium has also been used as a portable energy supply in space probes and other space vehicles.

What happens to plutonium after nuclear fission?

Plutonium-238, Pu-240 and Pu-242 emit neutrons as a few of their nuclei spontaneously fission, albeit at a low rate. They and Pu-239 also decay, emitting alpha particles and heat.

Is plutonium a fission product?

Fission product yields by mass for thermal neutron fission of uranium-235, plutonium-239, a combination of the two typical of current nuclear power reactors, and uranium-233 used in the thorium cycle.

Is Pluto made of plutonium?

Plutonium is a radioactive chemical element with the symbol Pu and atomic number 94….

Naming after dwarf planet Pluto, itself named after classical god of the underworld Pluto
Discovery Glenn T. Seaborg, Arthur Wahl, Joseph W. Kennedy, Edwin McMillan (1940–1941)
Main isotopes of plutonium

What are 5 uses for plutonium?

Plutonium-238 has been used to power batteries for some heart pacemakers, as well as provide a long-lived heat source to power NASA space missions. Like uranium, plutonium can also be used to fuel nuclear power plants.

What are byproducts of fission?

Nuclear fission products are the atomic fragments left after a large atomic nucleus undergoes nuclear fission. Typically, a large nucleus like that of uranium fissions by splitting into two smaller nuclei, along with a few neutrons, the release of heat energy (kinetic energy of the nuclei), and gamma rays.

How much does plutonium-239 cost?

about 31 million dollars
“The price for plutonium-239 quoted on p. 155, US$5.24 per milligram, seems to imply that the plutonium for a critical mass of about 6 kg costs about 31 million dollars.”