# What is the difference between horizontal and vertical antennas?

## What is the difference between horizontal and vertical antennas?

Vertical polarization refers to the oscillation of an antenna’s electrical field on the vertical plane, whereas horizontal polarization refers to the oscillation on the horizontal plane. Slant polarization refers to an electrical field that oscillates at a 45-degree angle to a reference plane.

What does it mean to be horizontally polarized?

Definition of Polarization In the case of a horizontal polarization, the electric field will move sideways in a horizontal plane. Conversely, for vertical polarization, the electric field will oscillate up and down in a vertical plane.

### What is used to change the polarization of microwave?

In order to change linearly polarized light to circularly polarized, a quarter-wave retarder is used.

Which wave is horizontally polarized?

A uniform plane-polarized electromagnetic wave in which the electric field vector is always and everywhere horizontal while propagating in free space or in a material propagation medium. Note: The magnetic field vector may be inclined at any angle of elevation to the horizontal plane.

## Why are TV antennas horizontally polarized?

For television broadcasting, the most commonly-used antennas send out signals that are horizontally polarized. That is; the plane of the TV signal is parallel to the earth’s surface. That’s why outdoor TV antennas are positioned horizontally and not vertically.

What is vertically polarized light?

A “vertically polarized” electromagnetic wave of wavelength λ has its electric field vector E (red) oscillating in the vertical direction. The magnetic field B (or H) is always at right angles to it (blue), and both are perpendicular to the direction of propagation (z).

### What is vertical polarization?

What happens when a wave is horizontally polarized?

If the wave is propagating horizontally, the magnetic field will be vertical. However, in any case, for a horizontally polarized electromagnetic wave, the electric field vector must always and everywhere be horizontal regardless of the direction of the magnetic field vector or the direction of propagation.

## Should an FM antenna be vertical or horizontal?

FM signals were originally horizontally polarized (Hpol), but now, circular polarization (Cpol) is used almost exclusively. Sometimes, the signal separation provided by vertical versus horizontal polarization is used to prevent interference between NCE stations.

Are TV signals vertical or horizontal?

Most of the TV signal in US are broadcast in horizontal polarization (check your terrestrial TV operator’s website to get the latest information). Because most of the TV transmitter are horizontal polarized it would be best to start putting the antenna in a horizontal position.