What is command and control strategy?
Definition: Command—and—control policy refers to environmental policy that relies on regulation (permission, prohibition, standard setting and enforcement) as opposed to financial incentives, that is, economic instruments of cost internalisation.
What are examples of command-and-control regulation?
Command-and-control approach and environment standards It is a mandated level of performance enforced through a piece of legislation. A few examples are the limits set on the volume of timber that could be harvested, bans on the cutting of trees, and maximum levels legally allowed for pollution emissions.
What are the advantages of command and control regulations?
Command economy advantages include low levels of inequality and unemployment and the common objective of replacing profit with equality as the primary incentive of production. Disadvantages of command economies include lack of competition, which can lead to lack of innovation, and lack of efficiency.
What is command and control efficient?
“Command-and-control” is in essence a regulatory approach whereby the government “commands” pollution reductions (e.g., by setting emissions standards) and “controls” how these reductions are achieved (e.g., through the installation of specific pollution-control technologies).
Are command and control policies effective?
Command-and-control regulation has been highly successful in protecting and cleaning up the US environment. In 1970, the Environmental Protection Agency was created to oversee all environmental laws. In the same year, the Clean Air Act was enacted to address air pollution.
What is the difference between command & control?
Command: The exercise of authority based upon certain knowledge to attain an objective. Control: The process of verifying and correcting activity such that the objective or goal of command is accomplished.
Does command and control Program help achieve environmental sustainability agenda?
First, command-and-control regulation offers no incentive to improve the quality of the environment beyond the standard set by a particular law. Once the command-and-control regulation has been satisfied, polluters have zero incentive to do better. Second, command-and-control regulation is inflexible.
What is command and control leadership style?
a style of leadership that uses standards, procedures, and output statistics to regulate the organization. A command and control approach to leadership is authoritative in nature and uses a top-down approach, which fits well in bureaucratic organizations in which privilege and power are vested in senior management.
What are the advantages of command-and-control regulation quizlet?
Command-and-control regulation sets specific limits for pollution emissions and/or mandates that specific pollution-control technologies that must be used. 3. they often have politically-motivated loopholes.
What is command and control leadership?
A command and control approach to leadership is authoritative in nature and uses a top-down approach, which fits well in bureaucratic organizations in which privilege and power are vested in senior management. It is founded on, and emphasizes a distinction between, executives on the one hand and workers on the other.
What is the problem with command and control?
Although such regulations have helped to protect the environment, they have three shortcomings: they provide no incentive for going beyond the limits they set; they offer limited flexibility on where and how to reduce pollution; and they often have politically-motivated loopholes.
What is the difference between Command & Control?