TheGrandParadise.com Essay Tips What happens when a stroke affects the brain stem?

What happens when a stroke affects the brain stem?

What happens when a stroke affects the brain stem?

A brain stem stroke can also cause double vision, slurred speech and decreased consciousness. Only a half-inch in diameter, the brain stem controls all basic activities of the central nervous system: consciousness, blood pressure and breathing. All motor control for the body flows through it.

Can you recover from a brainstem stroke?

The brain stem is just one half inch in diameter. Due to its small size, most brain stem strokes are relatively small, but the effects can be significant. Fortunately, intensive rehabilitation often helps individuals regain function.

What is the survival rate of a brain stem stroke?

Of the stroke patients, approximately 30% die within the first year, 20% die in the early period, and approximately one-third of the survivors become dependent on others for their daily living activities.

What is the treatment for a brain stem stroke?

If a brain stem stroke is caused by a blood clot, then medication can be given that can break down the clot and allow blood to flow normally through the blood vessel again. This process is known as thrombolysis and should be administered within a few hours of symptoms starting to show.

What are the chances of having a second brain stem stroke?

In fact, of the 795,000 Americans who will have a first stroke this year, 23 percent will suffer a second stroke.

Are brain stem strokes hereditary?

Although strokes most frequently are caused by factors such as uncontrolled high blood pressure, there also are other rare conditions that may lead to stroke. Many of these conditions are hereditary, meaning they are passed down through family lines.

What causes a massive brain stem stroke?

Causes. Brain stem strokes are caused by the blood supply to part of the brain stem getting cut off, either due to a blockage in the blood vessels (ischemic stroke) or due to bleeding in the blood vessels supplying the brain stem (hemorrhagic stroke).

Why is a brain stem stroke fatal?

An ischemic stroke is the most common type. Medical care is needed right away. Cells in the brain die if they are without oxygen for more than a few minutes. This can be deadly.

What are the effects of a brain stem stroke?

A brain stem stroke can also cause double vision, slurred speech and decreased consciousness. Only a half-inch in diameter, the brain stem controls all basic activities of the central nervous system: consciousness, blood pressure and breathing. All motor control for the body flows through it.

What part of the brain does a stroke affect?

A stroke can occur in any of the three major areas of the brain stem: the midbrain, pons, and medulla. Furthermore, some strokes that injure the brain stem also affect the cerebellum (located behind the top part of the brain stem) or other surrounding areas.

Can a brain stem injury cause damage to the brain?

Most brain stem injuries are a result of swelling from other brain injuries. Swelling can push the brain stem against the skull and cause damage. You can also damage the brain stem if you suffer a diffuse axonal injury that tears the brain cells in the pons or medulla.

What are congenital brain defects?

Congenital brain defects are abnormalities in the brain that are present at birth. There are many different types of these defects. They can vary greatly from mild to severe conditions. The brain begins to form in the first month after conception, and will continue to form and develop throughout pregnancy.