What are the parts of the knee joint?
The knee joint is essentially made up of three bones: The thigh bone (femur), the shinbone (tibia), and the kneecap (patella). The joint head on the femur has two strong bony projections, the condyles, which are covered with articular cartilage. The articular surface of the tibia is called the tibial plateau.
What is the most commonly injured joint in the knee?
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries The ACL can be torn if the lower leg extends forward too much or if the leg becomes twisted. ACL injuries are one of the most common types of knee injuries and account for about 40 percent of all sports-related injuries.
What’s under the kneecap?
The synovium produces a small amount of fluid that lubricates the cartilage. In addition, just below the kneecap is a small pad of fat that cushions the kneecap and acts as a shock absorber. (Left) The patella normally rests in a small groove at the end of the femur called the trochlear groove.
What is the name of the knee joint?
The knee, also known as the tibiofemoral joint, is a synovial hinge joint formed between three bones: the femur, tibia, and patella.
How do I know what type of knee injury I have?
Two tell-tale signs of a knee injury are pain and swelling of the knee. You may also have difficulty with the joint moving. It may feel stiff, lock up, or feel like it’s catching as you bend and straighten your leg. If you hear your knee pop and then give out at the time of impact, it’s definitely a cause for concern.
What are the 6 major ligaments of the knee?
The knee has six main ligaments:
- Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) The ACL is located in the center of the knee toward the front.
- Posterior Cruciate Ligament (PCL)
- Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL)
- Lateral Collateral Ligament (LCL)
- Fibular Collateral Ligament (FCL)
- Coronary Ligaments.
What is the area behind your knee called?
The Popliteal Fossa is a diamond-shaped space behind the knee joint. It is formed between the muscles in the posterior compartments of the thigh and leg. This anatomical landmark is the major route by which structures pass between the thigh and leg.